Feast day: December 2
Bishop praised by St. Jerome. He was a native of Aquileia, Italy, and participated in the Synod of Aquileia that condemned Arianism in 381. Seven years later he became the bishop of the see. A friend of St. Jerome, Chromatius also encouraged Rufinus to translate Eusebius’ Ecclesiastical History. He was known and revered as a scholar and was described by St. Jerome as “a most learned and most holy man.” Chromatius was also a friend of St. John Chrysostom. Part of Chromatius’ commentary on St. Matthew is extant.1
More about St. Chromatius from Wikipedia
Saint Chromatius (died c. 406/407 AD) was a bishop of Aquileia.
He was probably born at Aquileia, and grew up there. His father died when Chromatius was an infant. He was raised by his mother and his large group of older siblings.
He became a priest of that church in about 387 or 388, after the death of Valerianus, bishop of that city. He was one of the most celebrated prelates of his time and was in active correspondence with contemporaries St. Ambrose, St. Jerome, and Tyrannius Rufinus.
As a scholarly theologian, he urged these friends to produce learned works. St. Ambrose was encouraged by him to write exegetical works; St. Jerome dedicated to him translations and commentaries, which he had written at his suggestion (translations of the Books of Paralipomenon, Tobit, the books of Solomon, commentaries on the Prophecy of Habakkuk). In the bitter quarrel between St. Jerome and Rufinus concerning Origenism, Chromatius, while rejecting the false doctrines of Origen of Alexandria, attempted to make peace between the disputants.
He maintained ecclesiastical communion with Rufinus and induced him not to answer the last attack of St. Jerome, but to devote himself to new literary works, especially to the translation of the Ecclesiastical History of Eusebius.
Chromatius opposed Arianism with much zeal and rooted it out in his diocese. He gave loyal support to St. John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople, when unjustly oppressed, and wrote in his favour to Honorius, the Western emperor, who sent this letter to his brother, Arcadius. This intercession, however, availed nothing.
Chromatius was also active as an exegete. Until the modern age only seventeen treatises were known to be authored by him on the Gospel according to St. Matthew (iii, 15-17; v-vi, 24), besides a fine homily on the Eight Beatitudes (counted as an eighteenth treatise). In 1969 researcher Henri Lemarié discovered and published thirty-eight sermons.
- Chromace d’Aquilée, Sermons I-II, Paris 1969, 1971 (Sources Chrétiennes 154, 164)
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.
- St. Chromatius – Saints & Angels – Catholic Online. 2015. St. Chromatius – Saints & Angels – Catholic Online. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=2666. [Accessed 03 December 2015].