St. Maximilian Mary Kolbe
Lived(1894-1941) | Feast Day: Sunday, August 14, 2016
Religious, priest and martyr
Born: 8 January 1894
Zduńska Wola, Kingdom of Poland, Russian Empire
Died; 14 August 1941 (aged 47)
Auschwitz concentration camp, Nazi Germany
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church, Lutheran Church, Anglican Church
Beatified: 17 October 1971, St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City by Pope Paul VI
Canonized: 10 October 1982, St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II
Major shrine; Basilica of the Immaculate Mediatrix of Grace, Niepokalanów,
Teresin, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
Feast 14 August
Attributes: Prison uniform, needle being injected into an arm
Patronage Against drug addictions, drug addicts, families, imprisoned people, journalists, political prisoners, prisoners , pro-life movement, amateur radio, esperantists.
Maximilian Kolbe was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar most famous for volunteering to die in place of a stranger at the Auschwitz concentration camp.
Kolbe (born January 8, 1894; died August 14, 1941) was born as Rajmund Kolbe and was later also known as Maksymilian or Massimiliano Maria Kolbe and “Apostle of Consecration to Mary.”
He was canonized by the Catholic Church as Saint Maximilian Kolbe on October 10, 1982 by Pope John Paul II, and declared a martyr of charity. He is the patron saint of drug addicts, political prisoners, families, journalists, prisoners and the pro-life movement. Pope John Paul II declared him the “The Patron Saint of Our Difficult Century”.
Maximilian Kolbe was born in January 1894 in Zduńska Wola, which was at that time part of Russian Empire. Maximilian was the second son of Julius Kolbe and Maria Dabrowska. His father was an ethnic German and his mother of Polish origins. He had four brothers, Francis, Joseph, Walenty (who lived a year) and Andrew (who lived 4 years). His parents moved to Pabianice where they worked first as basket weavers. Later his mother worked as a midwife (often donating her services), and owned a shop in part of her rented house which sold groceries and household goods. Julius Kolbe worked at the Krushe and Ender Mill and also worked on rented land where he grew vegetables. In 1914 Julius joined Józef Piłsudski’s Polish Legions and was captured by the Russians for fighting for the independence of a partitioned Poland…..[More]
- Image: Description
English: Fr.Maximilian Kolbe
Date 1940 Information: A Man for Others, 198p. ISBN 087973-519-8
- 1.Wikipedia. 2016. Maximilian Kolbe – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. [ONLINE] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximilian_Kolbe. [Accessed 15 August 2016].
- Life: Maximilian Kolbe | Jewish Virtual Library. 2016. Maximilian Kolbe | Jewish Virtual Library. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Kolbe.html. [Accessed 15 August 2016].