The Culdees

The Culdees (Irish: Céilí Dé, lit. “Companions of God”) were members of ascetic Christian monastic and eremitical communities of Ireland, Scotland, and England in the Middle Ages.

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  1. An Historical Account of the Ancient Culdees of Iona And of their settlements in Scotland, England and Ireland by John Jamieson D.D. (1811)
  2. New Advent – Culdees
  3. Culdees – Wikipedia
  4. Knights Templar the Culdees in Scotland
  5. Hope of Israel Ministries – The 12 Apostles and the culdees

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