St. Cumian the Fada, Abbot
S. CUMMIAN FADA, AB. (a.d. 662.) [Irish Martyrologies. Not to be confounded with Cummian Fionr., commemorated in the Scottish Martyrologies on Feb. 24.] One of the principal abettors of the Roman computation of Easter and promoters of its adoption by the Southern ‘ The fabricator has made use of the Life of S. Lebuinus. He has put Floribert for Gregory of Utrecht, as the person who received him. The lady who favoured S. Lebuinus was Abachahild, the fabricator has made the lady who received Livinus Chraphahild. He has taken the fray at Marklo, and transferred it to Esche ; and has improved on it by making it end in a martyrdom. Lebuinus was only nearly killed. Livinus was killed outright. *- –
Irish was Cummian, author of the celebrated Paschal Epistle to Segienus, abbot of Hy, and Beccan, a solitary, brother to Cummian. He seems to have been a Columbian monk, and was probably educated in the monastery of Durrogh, which was subject to the rule of the abbot of lona. But he had apparently left it and become head of a monastery of his own founding at Disert-Chuimin, now Kilcummin, or Kilkomin, in King’s County. Segienus and his monks of lona were much attached to the Irish method, as having been observed by S. Columba, and were offended at Cummian advocating the Roman usage. To answer the charges brought against him, Cummian wrote his epistle. He says that prior to his having consulted others on the subject, he had spent a year in examining the question, studying the various cycles, and the Paschal systems of Jews, Greeks, Latins, and Egyptians. And very ably did he execute his task. He did not, however, succeed in convincing the monks of lona. It is not certain that Cummian the author of the Paschal Epistle is the same as Cummian Fada or the ” Long,” but it is probable. Cummian Fada was the son of Fiachna, king of West Munster, and was born in 592, and died in 662. Now, as Cummian wrote the Paschal Epistle in 634, if he were Fada, he would be aged forty-two at the time. Cummian Fdda was renowned for his learning, and the Paschal Epistle proves the writer to have been a laborious student, well acquainted with Greek writers. The only objection against this hypothesis is, that Cummian Fada is said to have been bishop of Clonfert, whereas Cummian, at the time of writing his Epistle, was only priest and abbot. But there are reasons which make it doubtful whether Fada really was bishop. Cummian wrote also apparently the treatise, ” De poeni- tentiarum mensura,” an abridgment of the penitential canons. . The Four Masters say he died on December 2. He is not to be confounded with Cummian or Cumine Fionn, or the White, who was abbot of lona, a nephew of Segienus, and his successor, who wrote the Life of S. Columba, and died about 668.
Cumméne Fota or Cummian (fl. c. 591- 12 November 661 or 662) was an Irish bishop.[ ]
BARING-GOULD, REV. , S. , 1893. Lives of the Saints. V13/16.p 304.,New ed. NEW YORK: LONGMANS, GREEN, & CO. The original of this book is in the Cornell University Library. There are no known copyright restrictions in the United States on the use of the text.