St. Buithe of Monasterboice
St. Buithe of Monasterboice died in 521; he was a Scot who spent some years in Italy and elsewhere on the continent before returning to Scotland to evangelize the Picts. It is said that Buithe raised the son of King Nectan of the Picts from the dead (or the king himself in some versions). In gratitude the king gave the saint a church– Carbuddo (“Castrum Butthi”), which appears to have taken its name from him (originally Kirkbuddo or the church of Buithe).
About 500 AD, Buithe founded a school at Monasterboice in County Louth, which gained dominance in the 9th and 10th centuries when the Viking raids threatened the great schools of Ireland. This school was known for its sculpture; the Crosses of Monasterboice are world renowned. They incorporate representation of Biblical subjects directly on the Crosses, visual lessons for the faithful and less likely to be destroyed than were books. Two of these crosses, including the Muireadach Cross dating from 923, survive at Monasterboice. Fourteen historical poems of its Abbot Flann (11th century) also survive in old Gaelic books, especially in the “Book of Leinster” (Benedictines, D’Arcy, Healy, Kenney, Montague, Moran, Porter, Simpson, Skene, Stokes).
Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate. (1947). The Book of Saints: A Dictionary of Servants of God Canonized by the Catholic Church Extracted from the Roman and Other Martyrologies.
D’Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland.
Saint Paul, Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.
[This is probably the most useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the lives of the saints.]
Healy, J. (1902). Ireland’s Ancient Schools and Scholars.
Dublin: Sealy, Bryers and Walker.
Kenney, J. F. (1929). Sources for Early History of Ireland, vol. 1, Ecclesiastical.New York: Columbia University Press
Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
Guildford: Billing & Sons.
Moran, P. Cardinal. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britain.
Dublin: Brown and Nolan
Porter, A. K. (1931). The Crosses and Culture of Ireland.
New Haven: Yale University Press.
Simpson, W. G. (1934). Celtic Church in Scotland.
Aberdeen University Studies.
Skene, W. F. (1875-80). Celtic Scotland, 3 vols.
Stokes, M. (1932). Early Christian Art in Ireland.
Dublin: Government Publications.
Source: Celtic and Old English Saints – 7 December . 2016. Celtic and Old English Saints – 7 December . [ONLINE] Available at: http://celticsaints.org/2016/1207a.html. [Accessed 07 December 2016].